The term psychological contract refers to the implicit expectations and obligations that both employers and employees hold towards each other. While employment contracts outline specific terms and conditions of the working relationship, the psychological contract represents the unwritten, informal understanding of the expectations and responsibilities that exist between the two parties.
The psychological contract encompasses a wide range of expectations, including job security, fair compensation, recognition for performance, opportunities for advancement, and support for personal and professional development. Employers are expected to provide a safe and healthy work environment, opportunities for skill-building and advancement, fair compensation, and open communication channels. Employees, in turn, are expected to be punctual, reliable, and productive, and to support the organization`s goals and objectives.
The psychological contract is a vital component of the employment relationship, as it sets the tone for how the employer and employee interact with each other on a day-to-day basis. When the psychological contract is fulfilled, employees tend to feel satisfied and engaged in their work, which can lead to increased productivity and higher retention rates. On the other hand, when the psychological contract is violated, employees may become disengaged, dissatisfied, and may ultimately choose to leave the organization.
It’s important to note that the psychological contract is not a legally binding agreement and therefore cannot be enforced in a court of law. However, it does play a significant role in shaping the employment relationship and can have a significant impact on employee morale and retention.
In conclusion, the psychological contract is a crucial component of the employment relationship, as it affects how employers and employees interact with each other. Employers must understand and fulfill their obligations towards their employees, which include creating a positive work environment, fair compensation, opportunities for skill-building, and open communication channels. Similarly, employees must also meet their expectations, which include being reliable and productive contributors to the organization’s goals. By fulfilling the psychological contract, employers and employees can establish a mutually beneficial and productive work relationship.